Continuous improvement of the environment strengthens a beautiful China
People's Daily Beijing, August 18 (reporter Yu Lu) "I report an account with journalists friends." At the conference site of "Building a beautiful China with Harmonious coexistence between man and Nature" held by The State Council today, Minister of Ecology and Environment Huang Runqiu detailed the achievements of China's pollution prevention and control in the "13th Five-Year Plan" period, and made an introduction to the construction of a beautiful China in the "14th Five-Year Plan" period. Huang Runqiu said that during the "14th Five-Year Plan" period, the Ministry of Ecology and Environment will adhere to the overall requirements of promoting the synergistic efficiency of pollution reduction and carbon reduction, adhere to ecological priority and green development, pay more attention to precise pollution control, scientific pollution control and pollution control according to law, in-depth fight against pollution prevention and control, continue to improve the quality of the ecological environment, promote the comprehensive green transformation of economic and social development, and promote the realization of new progress in ecological civilization. To contribute to the construction of a beautiful China with harmonious coexistence between man and nature.
Whether well-off society is comprehensive or not, the quality of ecological environment is the key. Huang Runqiu said that the nine binding indicators of the ecological environment and the phased goals of the pollution prevention and control war set out in the "13th Five-Year Plan" have been fully and successfully exceeded, and the ecological environment has been significantly improved, which has strengthened the green background and quality of building a moderately prosperous society in an all-round way.
"I'll make an account with all the journalists." Huang Runqiu introduced that in terms of air and environmental quality, the proportion of good days in cities at prefecture level and above reached 87% in 2020, an increase of 5.8 percentage points over 2015, exceeding the 13th Five-Year Plan target by 2.5 percentage points. The average concentration of PM2.5, or fine particulate matter, reached 37 micrograms per cubic meter in cities at prefecture level and above, down 28.8 percent from 2015 and 10.8 percentage points above the 13th Five-Year Plan target.
In terms of water environment quality, the proportion of surface water bodies with good quality increased from 66% in 2015 to 83.4% in 2020, exceeding the target of the 13th Five-Year Plan by 13.4 percentage points; The proportion of water bodies with bad V grade dropped from 9.7 percent in 2015 to 0.6 percent in 2020, 4.4 percentage points higher than the target of the 13th Five-Year Plan. In terms of soil environmental quality, the safe utilization rate of polluted arable land and polluted land in the country both exceeded 90%, successfully achieving the "13th Five-Year Plan" goal.
In terms of ecological and environmental conditions, the national forest coverage rate will reach 23.04% in 2020, and the area of nature reserves and various types of nature protection areas will account for 18% of the land area. In addition, in response to climate change carbon emission reduction, carbon dioxide emissions per unit of GDP in 2020 decreased by 18.8% compared with 2015, successfully fulfilling the "13th Five-Year Plan" target task.
Since the 18th National Congress of the CPC, China's ecological civilization construction and ecological environmental protection have entered the "fast lane". "The degree of ideological understanding is unprecedented, the measures are unprecedented, the system is unprecedented, and the results are unprecedented." Huang Runqiu used "four unprecedented" to summarize the "13th Five-Year Plan" period of ecological environmental protection from the realization to the practice has taken a historic, watershed, overall change.
This year is the first year of the 14th Five-Year Plan. How is the ecological and environmental protection work progressing? Huang Runqiu said that in the first half of this year, the national ecological environment situation is still showing a continuous improvement trend. The average concentration of PM2.5 dropped by 2.9% year-on-year. The proportion of surface water sections with good water quality increased by 1.1 percentage points year-on-year. The proportion of sections with poor Class V water quality decreased by 0.7 percentage points year-on-year.
The outline of the 14th Five-Year Plan points out that we will deepen the battle against pollution and continue to improve environmental quality. From the "13th Five-Year Plan" to resolutely fight the battle of pollution prevention and control, to the "14th Five-Year Plan" to in-depth fight the battle of pollution prevention and control, from "resolute" to "in-depth", what is the meaning behind it? In Huang Runqiu's view, the difference between the two words means that the contradictions and problems touched by the pollution prevention and control battle are deeper, the field is wider, and the requirements for the improvement of ecological environment quality are also higher. "The next step is to deepen the battle against pollution prevention and control, continue to improve the quality of the ecological environment, and the key is to promote the synergy of pollution reduction and carbon reduction, which is to better promote the transformation of our environmental governance from focusing on end treatment to paying more attention to source prevention and source treatment." Huang Runqiu said.
"From the tactical level, the in-depth fight against pollution prevention and control can be summarized in seven words, that is, 'reduce pollution, reduce carbon, and strengthen ecology.'" Huang Runqiu pointed out that "pollution reduction" is to reduce pollutant emissions, to start with "gas, water, soil consolidation, risk prevention", further improve the environmental air quality, do a good job of "three water" overall planning, consolidate and expand the achievements of soil pollution prevention and control, and hold the bottom line of environmental safety. "Carbon reduction" means to further reduce carbon emission intensity and effectively respond to climate change. "Strong ecology" means to further strengthen ecological protection supervision and resolutely guard the boundaries of natural ecological security.
"In fact, the three aspects of 'pollution reduction', 'carbon reduction' and 'strong ecology' each have their own focus, are closely related, interact with each other, support each other, and increase the efficiency of the system, they constitute a whole, which needs to be considered organically as a whole." Mr. Huang added.
During the "14th Five-Year Plan" period, how will the Ministry of Ecology and Environment deeply fight the battle of pollution prevention and control? Huang Runqiu said that on the one hand, more prominent comprehensive governance, systematic governance, source governance. On the other hand, more attention should be paid to precise pollution control, scientific pollution control and law-based pollution control, especially in the precision, science and law to make greater efforts, to achieve the problem, time, region, object and measure "five precision", at the same time, to protect the ecological environment with the power of the rule of law, and control environmental pollution with the weapon of law.
"In recent years, the 'appearance level' of the sky above us has become higher and higher year by year, and it has become more beautiful year by year. The air we breathe is getting fresher every year. People's happiness with the blue sky, white clouds and twinkling stars has also increased year by year." Huang Runqiu said deeply: "From the national situation, the average PM2.5 concentration in 2020 is 37 micrograms/cubic meter, down 28.8% from 2015, and the proportion of good days has reached 87%. In terms of tackling climate change, carbon dioxide emissions per unit of GDP in 2020 will be reduced by 18.8 percent from 2015."
A sound ecological environment is the most inclusive welfare for the people. Huang Runqiu said that adhering to ecological priority, green development, firmly establish and practice the concept of clear water and green mountains is gold and silver mountains, which is the inevitable path to realize the modernization of harmonious coexistence between man and nature.
"During the 14th Five-Year Plan period, the Ministry of Ecology and Environment should curb the blind launch of the 'two high' projects, further optimize the industrial structure and energy structure, and take the road of green, low-carbon and high-quality development." Huang Runqiu said that we will leave enough reasonable time for local rectification, and guide local authorities to adhere to the "first stand before breaking" and not make "sharp turns".
On July 16, the national carbon market officially launched online trading. What is the current operational status? Huang said that since its launch, the national carbon market has operated smoothly, with the trading price rising from 48 yuan per ton on the opening day to 51.76 yuan per ton on August 17. Since the opening of the market one month ago, the cumulative volume of emission allowances in the national carbon market has reached 7.02 million tons, with a cumulative turnover of 355 million yuan.
"Carbon emissions trading is a market means of using market mechanisms to control and reduce greenhouse gas emissions. Is an important policy tool to implement our country's carbon peak goal and carbon neutral vision." He pointed out that the construction of the national carbon market is a major institutional innovation, although there are many years of pilot basis, but for the whole society is still a new thing, there are many places to further improve. Therefore, the process must be prudent.
The reporter learned at the meeting that in the next step, the Ministry of Ecology and Environment will further improve the institutional system, promote the introduction of the Interim Regulations on the Management of Carbon Emission Rights Trading as soon as possible, revise and improve the relevant supporting systems and technical specifications system, and improve the voluntary greenhouse gas emission reduction trading mechanism. At the same time, the Ministry of Ecology and Environment will strengthen market management, strengthen the quality management of carbon emission data, strengthen the implementation of relevant systems, strengthen the supervision of all aspects of the national carbon market, and effectively prevent market risks.
At present, in the first compliance cycle, 2,162 enterprises in China's coal-fired power generation industry have been included in the scope of the carbon market, covering a total of 4.5 billion tons of carbon dioxide emissions. "In the next step, on the basis of the good operation of the carbon market in the power generation industry, we will expand the coverage of the carbon market, gradually include more high-emission industries, and gradually enrich the trading varieties, trading methods and trading entities, so as to enhance the activity of the market." Huang Runqiu said.