Focus on industry hot spots and discuss environmental protection
Chemicals are important raw materials in China's industrial production. Because of its particularity, chemicals have health risks and safety risks in different environments. On March 18, a fire broke out in a raw material warehouse of a chemical company in Quzhou, Zhejiang province. The fire was brought under control after all-out efforts. It was preliminarily determined that the combustion materials were methanol and ethyl acetate. In March, China has initiated a number of chemical accidents, March 1 at 12:20, Tangshan Huayi Industrial Co., LTD. (chemical enterprise) benzene hydrogenation overhaul sewage tank residual combustible gas caught fire, resulting in 4 deaths and 1 injury. On March 12, Volume 501 of the 600,000-ton/year diesel hydrogenation unit of Jiujiang Petrochemical exploded and caught fire, causing two deaths and one mild burn.
In 2017, 218 accidents occurred in the chemical industry, killing 271 people, two of which were major accidents: the explosion at Linyi Jinyu Petrochemical on June 5 and the explosion at Lianyungang Juxin Biotechnology Co., Ltd. on December 9, according to the State Administration of Safety Supervision. The safety supervision of chemical products shall not relax for a moment, due to the unreasonable layout of the domestic petrochemical industry, the problem of "chemical siege" and "city siege chemical industry" has become increasingly prominent, and some hazardous chemical production enterprises are close to the densely populated areas of cities and towns, seriously affecting the lives and property safety of the surrounding people, and it is urgent to carry out relocation and transformation to eliminate security risks.
Stricter environmental governance policies and regulations were closely introduced
In recent years, due to the rapid growth of the macro economy and the high-end needs of the people's material life, China's chemical industry is developing exponentially, but on the other side of the rapid development, it is the occurrence of many accidents and the massive discharge of polluting waste, which has become a major problem in China's environmental governance. Therefore, in response to the problem of environmental pollution, since 2017, China's environmental protection department has repeatedly issued relevant environmental governance norms, "2+26" urban air pollution control, "Atmospheric Ten" handling supervision, environmental tax and other policies, and will formulate and implement a three-year plan to win the blue sky defense war. We will introduce plans to prevent and control air pollution in key areas such as the Beijing-Tianjin-Hebei region and neighboring regions, the Yangtze River Delta, and the Fen-Wei Plain. We have made great efforts to ensure a green and sustainable environment for the development of polluting enterprises by forcing them to shut down, limit their production and stop production.
Environmental protection and ecological punch "attack" in 2018 inspector storm reappearance
At a press conference at the first session of the 13th National People's Congress on the 17th, Li Ganjie, Minister of Environmental protection, said in response to future environmental governance, "We are currently studying a three-year combat plan for the blue sky defense war, and it is estimated that it will be introduced soon." The plan will be further studied and deepened on the basis of the 13th Five-Year Plan, and some targets will remain unchanged while others may be appropriately raised." In order to better implement the concept of environmental protection, on the morning of March 17, the first session of the 13th National People's Congress voted to pass the decision on the institutional reform plan of The State Council, the reform plan proposed that the responsibilities of the Ministry of Environmental Protection, the National Development and Reform Commission to cope with climate change and emission reduction responsibilities, the Ministry of Land and Resources to supervise the prevention of groundwater pollution responsibilities, The Ministry of Water Resources shall be responsible for the preparation of water function zoning, the setting and management of sewage outfalls, and the protection of water environment in river basins; the Ministry of Agriculture shall be responsible for supervising and guiding agricultural non-point source pollution control; the State Oceanic Administration shall be responsible for Marine environmental protection; the Office of the South-to-North Water Transfer Project Construction Committee of The State Council shall be responsible for the integration of environmental protection responsibilities in the South-to-North Water transfer project area; and the Ministry of Ecological Environment shall be established. Li Ganjie is the new minister of ecology and Environment. As a department of The State Council. The centralized integration of the decentralized responsibilities of environmental management departments will help improve the effectiveness of supervision and realize the separation of powers and responsibilities. Affected by this, manufacturers of hazardous chemicals will face a stronger inspection storm in 2018 or later. Manufacturers' production environment will be further compressed.
The relocation plan of hazardous chemical enterprises has been actively promoted by all localities
In today's environmentally diverse society, safety measures for chemical production are particularly important.
First, to avoid further accidents in hazardous chemical enterprises, resulting in major safety hazards,
The second is to prevent damage to the ecological environment in the production process.
Therefore, in order to prevent and avoid the above situation, the introduction of the Guiding Opinions on Promoting the relocation and transformation of hazardous chemical Production Enterprises in Densely Populated Urban Areas is one of the basic means of chemical management. According to this policy, China's provinces and regions are proceeding in an orderly manner, although the implementation methods are slightly different, but in general, there are two steps: small and medium-sized chemical enterprises and large enterprises with major risks and hidden dangers all start relocation and transformation before the end of 2018, and complete by the end of 2020; Other large chemical enterprises and super-large enterprises will all start relocation and transformation by the end of 2020, and be completed by the end of 2025. At present, a number of provinces and cities in China are promoting the relocation and transformation process of hazardous chemicals, such as Tianjin, Gansu, Anhui, Sichuan, Henan, Zhejiang, Jiangsu, Heilongjiang, Guangdong, Jilin, etc., have formulated relevant plans and started the relocation of hazardous chemicals, vigorously achieve the goals of production safety, green environmental protection and sustainable development, and promote the rapid development of hazardous chemicals enterprises under pollution-free and guaranteed conditions.
The safety management of hazardous chemicals will be an important factor that directly affects environmental protection and enterprise development. How to improve the management environment and how to promote the production standards of hazardous chemicals is one of the factors considered by the majority of hazardous chemical manufacturers. In accordance with the national environmental governance laws and regulations, the identification of harmful and toxic chemicals through information disclosure, cleaner production, emission permits, restrictions, elimination and other risk management measures, the implementation of hierarchical control. Help hazardous enterprises to move towards environmentally sustainable production.