Five highlights Interpret environmental protection in the government work report
In the 2018 government Work report, the focus on energy and environmental protection was mentioned in a significant and important position. In energy-related fields, "ecology" is the most frequent keyword, a total of 16 times, followed by "energy", a total of 7 times, followed by "new energy vehicles" appeared 3 times, "energy consumption" appeared 2 times, "green development" appeared 2 times, "environmental protection" appeared 2 times, "electricity price" appeared 2 times, "clean energy" appeared once. These figures are sufficient to show the government's attention to energy and environmental protection.
The government work report first reviewed the achievements made in the field of energy and environmental protection in the past five years, among which, energy consumption and water consumption per unit of GDP have been reduced by more than 20%, the number of days of heavy pollution in key cities has been reduced by half, the discharge of major pollutants has continued to fall, the forest area has been increased by 163 million mu, and the area of sandy land has been reduced by nearly 2,000 square kilometers every year. The "blue sky defense war" has achieved remarkable results, and the number of blue sky days in Beijing is gradually increasing, and the green development has achieved a good situation. The government work report also put forward the target path and requirements for governance in the field of energy and environmental protection in 2018. In summary, the 2018 Government Work Report has the following five highlights in the field of energy and environmental protection:
Combine energy and environmental protection closely
In the field of ecological and environmental protection, the government work report added the requirement of "reducing energy consumption per unit of GDP by more than 3%", reflecting China's determination to meet the commitments of the Paris Summit. After Trump withdrew from the Paris Agreement on behalf of the United States, China and France took up the banner of environmental protection. According to the estimates of relevant experts, if we can achieve this goal in 2018, China will achieve the target of 40-45% year-on-year reduction in 2020 promised by the Paris Summit in advance.
This close combination of energy and environmental protection is also reflected in the adjustment of industrial structure and the development of new energy vehicles as an important means of environmental governance. The government work report proposed that this year will further reduce steel production capacity of about 30 million tons, eliminate coal production capacity of about 150 million tons, and eliminate the closure of substandard coal power units below 300,000 kilowatts.
In terms of new energy vehicles, the government work report proposed that it is necessary to expand the opening up of the field of new energy vehicles, extend the preferential policy of the purchase tax of new energy vehicles for another three years, and completely cancel the restriction on the relocation of second-hand cars. At the end of 2017, German media said that by 2020, China will add 4.8 million electric vehicle charging points. According to estimates, every electric car on the street in China will have a charging pile for use. By 2020, there will be 5 million new energy vehicles (that is, pure electric and hybrid electric vehicles) on the road in China.
The objectives are clearly defined, and actions and policies are increasingly improved
The government work report has put forward clear quantitative indicators for the ecological and environmental protection goals to be achieved in 2018.
In the field of air pollution prevention and control, the government work report proposed that the emissions of major pollutants such as sulfur dioxide and nitrogen oxides should be reduced by 3 percent, and fine particulate matter (PM2.5) in key areas should continue to fall. The main supporting policies are: to promote the ultra-low emission transformation of steel and other industries; Raise pollution discharge standards and set deadlines for reaching standards; We will carry out special measures to control excessive emissions from diesel trucks.
In the field of water pollution control, the government work report proposed that chemical oxygen demand and ammonia nitrogen emissions should be reduced by 2% in 2018; We will comprehensively improve key river basins and sea areas, and comprehensively improve black and odorous water bodies. We will increase the construction of sewage treatment facilities and improve charging policies.
The importance of system construction in the field of energy and environmental protection was emphasized
The government work report pointed out that it is necessary to improve the ecological civilization system, reform and improve the ecological environment management system, strengthen the use of natural ecological space control, implement the ecological environment damage compensation system, improve the ecological compensation mechanism, and protect the ecological environment with a more effective system. The reform and improvement of these systems will not only play a major role in promoting the work in the field of energy and environmental protection in 2018, but also have a major impact on energy and environmental protection work in the next decade, even dozens of years.
A new expression was added to prohibit the entry of "foreign garbage"
Since January 1, 2018, China has banned the import of "foreign garbage", including 24 types of solid waste such as waste plastics, paper, waste slag and textiles. According to the Implementation Plan for the Reform of the Solid Waste Import Management System by prohibiting the entry of foreign garbage and adopted by the Leading Group for Comprehensively Deepening the Reform of the Central Committee of the Communist Party of China on April 18, 2017, not only a comprehensive ban on solid waste with greater environmental harm, but also, by the end of 2019, the import of solid waste that can be replaced by domestic resources will be phased out.
This year's government work report specifically proposed the ban on "foreign garbage", which shows that the Chinese government attaches great importance to this work. China's import of "foreign garbage" was originally intended to alleviate the shortage of industrial raw materials, but these foreign garbage increased China's air pollution, water pollution and soil pollution, and even endangered the health of relevant employees, becoming one of the important components of environmental pollution. Therefore, in order to further strengthen the control of environmental pollution, the Chinese government The entry of "foreign garbage" is strictly prohibited.
From March to December 2018, the National Customs Organization carried out the "Blue Sky 2018" special action to combat the smuggling of "foreign garbage".
Once again, the ecological red line is clearly emphasized
In the government work report, it is proposed to strengthen the protection and restoration of ecological systems, draw a comprehensive ecological and environmental protection red line, and put forward supporting policies and quantitative evaluation indicators, including completing afforestation of more than 100 million mu, increasing the pilot area of cultivated land rotation and fallow to 30 million mu, expanding the scope of wetland protection and restoration, and deepening the pilot reform of the national park system.
The ecological red line refers to the area that needs special protection according to the protection needs of ecosystem integrity and connectivity in order to maintain national ecological or regional ecological security. Industrialization and urbanization development are prohibited in the included areas.
The statement on the ecological red line in the 2017 Government Work report is to pay close attention to delineating and strictly observing the ecological red line, and the statement in this year's government work report is to comprehensively delineate the ecological and environmental protection red line, which reflects the further strengthening of the ecological protection red line work.