Liaoning Province environmental protection "13th Five-Year plan"
First, the "13th Five-Year Plan" environmental protection background and foundation
(1) Progress in environmental protection during the Twelfth Five-Year Plan Period.
Since the "Twelfth Five-Year Plan", under the correct leadership of the provincial Party Committee and the provincial government, the province's environmental protection system has taken the construction of ecological civilization as the leader, closely focused on the main line of improving environmental quality and pollutant emission reduction, reform and innovation, overcoming difficulties, and achieved remarkable results in all aspects of work, and the goals and tasks determined by the "Twelfth Five-Year Plan" environmental protection plan have been basically completed.
(2) "Twelfth Five-Year" environmental protection problems.
Although the "Twelfth Five-Year Plan" period in our province environmental protection work has achieved good results, but the environmental protection situation is still very serious.
Economic growth has shifted, increasing the pressure on pollution control. In the later period of the "Twelfth Five-Year Plan", the economic situation faced by our province is grim and complex, and the economy continues to decline, resulting in tighter investment in environmental protection of the whole society, and increased difficulty in the construction and normal operation of pollution control facilities, thus increasing the pressure on environmental control.
The water quality of Liaohe River basin has rebounded, and it is more difficult to maintain the achievements of "taking off the hat". The province has a quarter of the local small and medium-sized rivers directly accommodate the drainage of urban sewage treatment plants, in the case of insufficient ecological water, sewage plant drainage even if the standard can not meet the environmental quality standards, river water quality is still poor class V, and since 2014, but also suffered a serious drought, therefore, the basin water quality has a worsening trend.
It is difficult to control air pollution, and there is a long way to go in controlling smog. The composition of air pollution factors is complex, and they affect each other across regions. It is necessary to control both primary pollutants and secondary pollutants. Both conventional pollutants and emerging pollution problems, such as fine particulate matter pollution, need to be addressed. Pollution control is difficult and cannot be achieved overnight.
The reduction of stored pollutants is close to the bottleneck, and the potential for sustainable emission reduction is limited. Since the "11th Five-Year Plan", our province has intensified pollution reduction efforts, major pollutants have been significantly reduced, with the economic development, the equivalent amount of new pollutants replacement sources reduced, the subsequent total control difficulty gradually increased.
Environmental quality cannot meet public expectations, and environmental complaints and reports are increasing. The public's attention to environmental protection continues to increase, and the people are increasingly demanding environmental quality such as drinking clean water and breathing fresh air.
The environmental supervision and monitoring system is still weak, and the supervisory personnel team, monitoring and early warning, comprehensive analysis ability and other aspects cannot meet the needs of the work. With the successive introduction of the ten atmospheric and water regulations, the problem that environmental monitoring can not reflect environmental quality scientifically and comprehensively has gradually been exposed, and the capacity of environmental supervision personnel, equipment, and the development and application of new technologies, new methods and new means of monitoring and early warning needs to be greatly strengthened.
(3) The "13th Five-Year Plan" situation.
From the stage characteristics of historical development, the development of environmental protection in the 13th Five-Year Plan is closely carried out around "one historical coordinate", "two test standards" and "three fundamental foundations". A historical coordinate, that is, the 18th National Congress proposed to build a moderately prosperous society in an all-round way at the centennial of the founding of the Party, and the "13th Five-Year Plan" environmental protection work objectives and indicators must meet the requirements of a moderately prosperous society in an all-round way. Two test standards, one is whether the people are satisfied, with the objective feelings of the people as the key standard to test environmental protection work; The second is whether the ecological environment is safe, and the improvement of the environmental support and guarantee ability for long-term development is the basic standard for testing environmental protection work. First, the Third Plenary Session of the 18th CPC Central Committee clearly called for the establishment of a systematic and complete system of institutions and mechanisms for ecological progress, and deepened the reform of institutions and mechanisms for ecological progress, which provided a solid political foundation for environmental protection. Second, the Fourth Plenary Session of the 18th CPC Central Committee proposed to comprehensively promote the rule of law. With the newly revised Environmental Protection Law as the leader, the legal basis for environmental protection, such as the legal norms, legal implementation, legal supervision and legal guarantee system, will be improved day by day. The third is the economic basis of the new normal, which means appropriately relaxing the target of economic growth speed and gradually focusing on improving the quality of economic growth.
From the perspective of the phased characteristics of economic development, during the "13th Five-Year Plan" period, the implementation of a new round of revitalization strategy for the old industrial base in Northeast China will bring new development opportunities, and structural adjustment and reform will become the new normal of all work. The development momentum will gradually shift from resource and environmental factor input to innovation-driven development, and the urbanization development will gradually shift from extensive expansion to synchronous improvement of scale and connotation. The industrial structure is transformed from the traditional manufacturing industry to the emerging industry and service industry as the main economic picture. Major economic indicators such as economic growth, industrial structure, urbanization, and energy consumption will move in a direction conducive to environmental protection. But at the same time, the industrial ratio of our province is significant, and the industrial structure dominated by heavy chemical industry and the energy consumption structure dominated by coal are difficult to fundamentally change in a short period of time. In particular, the urban planning layout is seriously deficient. Large pollutant emission enterprises such as Angang, Bensteel and Liaoyang Petrochemical are located in the central area of the city, which has an important impact on the urban environmental air quality. Therefore, during the "13th Five-Year Plan" period, the structural and compressible pollution in our province is still facing greater pressure.
From the perspective of the phased characteristics of environmental protection, during the "13th Five-Year Plan" period, with the continuous promotion of major strategies such as "clear water project", "blue sky Project" and "green Mountain project", as well as the accelerated implementation of pollution reduction and environmental governance measures, the new incremental increase in pollutants is expected to gradually narrow, and the construction and operation level of urban environmental infrastructure will be greatly improved. The environmental quality of our province will be in a good trend. But at the same time, it is still difficult to reduce the long-term accumulation, large quantity and wide range of stock pollution; The seasonal and controlled pollution features of rivers in northern China are obvious, the industrial structural pollution is prominent, and the pollution pressure of some tributaries is still large. There is a big gap between the concentration of major air pollutants in some cities and the national standards. The situation of soil pollution is complicated and the foundation of pollution control is weak. Layout and structural environmental risks should not be ignored. The environmental supervision capacity needs to be strengthened, and the environmental protection forces at the grassroots and in rural areas are even weaker. The marketization level of environmental protection lags behind. Compared with the requirements of a well-off society in an all-round way, the overall task of environmental protection is more arduous.
2. Guiding ideology, basic principles and planning objectives
(1) Guiding ideology.
Thoroughly implement the central "five-in-one" overall layout, "four comprehensives" strategic layout requirements and the provincial Party Committee's overall plan for revitalization and development, firmly establish and implement the concept of innovative, coordinated, green, open and shared development, firmly focus on the goal of building a moderately prosperous society in an all-round way and the revitalization of old industrial bases, adhere to environmental quality as the guidance, reform and innovation as the driving force, With governance in accordance with the law as the guarantee and the construction of an ecological province as the carrier, we will continuously increase the management of prominent environmental problems such as water, air and soil, strengthen environmental supervision and law enforcement, effectively strengthen industrial structure adjustment and layout optimization, strengthen resource conservation and recycling, accelerate the construction of ecological civilization systems, and lay a solid environmental foundation for the construction of a prosperous, civilized and happy new Liaoning.
(2) Basic principles.
Innovate mechanisms and strengthen responsibilities. With reform and innovation as the new driving force and institutional development as the foundation, we will improve the management system, clarify the responsibilities of all parties, strictly control the source, strictly manage the process, and severely punish the consequences, practice hierarchical and classified management, and use systems to protect the ecological environment.
Overall improvement and coordinated implementation. In line with the goal of building a moderately prosperous society in all respects, we will take improving environmental quality as the main task, and promote comprehensive treatment of pollution sources, so that the environmental quality of some regions and cities has been significantly improved, and strive to achieve comprehensive improvement.
According to local conditions, classified guidance. Fully consider the differences in regional resource and environmental carrying capacity, determine differentiated control requirements for key regions (river basins), key fields, and key industries, and implement environmental zoning governance and classified management.
Concerted efforts to promote and social governance. Standardize the information disclosure system and guide the public to participate in environmental decision-making, governance and supervision in an orderly manner. We will give full play to the guiding role of government investment in environmental protection and encourage the joint investment of private capital. Promote national action on the environment and respond to societal expectations.
(3) Planning objectives.
By 2020, the total discharge of major pollutants will be significantly reduced, the state's binding targets will be met, the environmental quality of key river basins and regions will be significantly improved, people's satisfaction will be significantly increased, new breakthroughs will be made in water, air and soil control, ecosystem stability will be enhanced, environmental risks will be effectively controlled, nuclear and radiation safety will be ensured, and environmental supervision and emergency response capabilities will be improved. The system and mechanism of environmental protection have been continuously improved, the role of environmental protection in optimizing economic growth has been further demonstrated, the construction of an ecological province has been comprehensively promoted, and the level of ecological environmental protection is commensurate with that of a well-off society in an all-round way.
(4) Planning targets.
1. Environmental quality indicators.
- The proportion of excellent river water quality (reaching or better than Class III) in the province reached more than 51.2%;
-- The proportion of inferior Class V water bodies in rivers in the province shall be controlled below 1.16%;
-- The proportion of water quality of centralized drinking water sources in prefecture-level and above cities reaching or better than Class III is more than 96%;
-- The black and odorous water bodies in built-up areas of cities at prefecture level and above shall be controlled within 10%;
-- The proportion of good water quality in coastal waters will not decline;
-- Sulfur dioxide, nitrogen dioxide, carbon monoxide, ozone four air pollutants have steadily reached the "Ambient Air Quality Standards" (GB3095-2012) secondary standards;
-- the concentration of inhalable particulate matter in cities at prefecture level and above should be controlled at 85ug/m3;
-- Fine particulate matter does not meet the average annual reduction of the concentration of prefecture-level cities and above to complete the task requirements issued by the state;
-- The proportion of days with good air quality in cities at prefecture level and above fulfilled the task requirements issued by the State;
-- Ecological and Environmental Quality Index (EI) reached 61.8.
2. Reduction targets for major pollutants.
We have fulfilled the state-mandated task of reducing chemical oxygen demand, ammonia nitrogen, sulfur dioxide, nitrogen oxides and other binding targets.
3. Ecological and rural environmental protection indicators.
-- Encouraging and guiding the construction of ecological civilization demonstration zones, and initially building the Liaohe River basin and Dahuofang water source Protection Zone into national ecological civilization pilot demonstration zones;
-- Completing the upgrading of eco-cities, eco-counties (districts), eco-towns and eco-villages to ecological civilization construction demonstration zones, creating 150 demonstration towns and 1,500 demonstration villages;
-- Completing the classification of cultivated land soil environmental pollution, and carrying out pilot projects for soil pollution control and restoration;
-- The development and supervision of nature reserves have been significantly improved, and the decline in biodiversity has been curtailed.
4. Indicators of environmental safety and regulatory capacity building
-- The overall situation of environmental security has been improved, and major environmental emergencies have been effectively prevented;
- The prevention and control of nuclear and radiation pollution has been comprehensively improved, the quality of the radiation environment has continued to be maintained, and nuclear safety has been ensured;
-- Strengthening environmental risk management in key areas such as heavy metals, chemicals and hazardous waste to achieve healthy development and environmental safety;
-- Improve the environmental quality monitoring, monitoring, risk early warning command, statistical analysis, information management, public opinion and public participation system, and build an intelligent and operational environmental management network platform;
-- Make full use of advanced technologies such as automatic monitoring, satellite remote sensing and drones (ships) to build an intelligent and information-based environmental supervision and law enforcement system.
3. Key areas and major tasks.
In order to meet the requirements of building a moderately prosperous society in an all-round way at the end of the "13th Five-Year Plan", the "13th Five-Year Plan" environmental protection work focuses on the improvement of environmental quality, highlighting environmental governance in the three key areas of water, air and soil, and making a good overall plan for pollution control and emission reduction, ecological protection, risk management and control, and environmental protection technology industry support.
1. Deepen pollution control in river basins and sea areas and comprehensively improve the quality of the water environment.
Ensure the safety of drinking water sources, from the source to the faucet supervision of drinking water safety. We will carry out standardized construction of water sources, carry out demarcation and marking projects, remove illegal facilities in protected areas, and eliminate potential security risks. Priority should be given to solving the problem of water sources exceeding standards, and plans should be formulated and implemented for the treatment of water sources reaching standards. By the end of 2020, illegal construction projects and activities in the protected areas will be banned and relocated according to law. Build backup or emergency water sources, strengthen the construction of water supply facilities and upgrading and upgrading of treatment processes, and regularly disclose to the public the quality and management of centralized drinking water sources, water supply plants and tap water. We will speed up efforts to solve the problem of unsafe drinking water for rural people, carry out investigations and assessments of rural drinking water sources and delimit centralized drinking water source protection areas in rural areas, and actively promote drinking water safety projects in rural areas. To promote the prevention and control of groundwater pollution, regular investigation and assessment of regional environmental conditions such as centralized groundwater drinking water source recharge areas, petrochemical production, storage and sales enterprises and industrial parks, mining areas, landfill sites and other areas should be necessary anti-seepage treatment. By 2020, the proportion of poor groundwater quality will be controlled at about 28.3%.
We will strengthen comprehensive management of water ecology, giving priority to the protection of fine water bodies such as lakes, reservoirs and river headwaters. To carry out a good ecological security assessment of lake and reservoir, formulate and implement the ecological environment protection plan of lake and reservoir in the province, giving priority to the ecological environment security assessment of Dahuofang Reservoir, Huanren Reservoir, Guanyinge Reservoir, Tanghe Reservoir, Chai River Reservoir, Qinghe Reservoir, Naodehai Reservoir, Biliuhe Reservoir, Wolong Lake, Shuifeng Lake, Baishi Reservoir and Damaike wetland, and formulate and implement the ecological environment protection plan. We will carry out projects to protect and restore lake wetlands, launch pilot projects for ecological protection in the Huanren Reservoir protected area, and accelerate the construction of pilot ecological lakes in Dahuofang, Wolong, Shuifeng and Biliuhe lakes. Based on the sensitivity, importance and vulnerability of water quality, the red line of water environmental protection and ecological space are defined, and the use control of water shoreline is strictly controlled.
We will deepen the prevention and control of water pollution in the Liaohe River basin, and accelerate the construction of pilot demonstration zones for ecological civilization in the Liaohe River basin and Dahuofang Reservoir. Study on the establishment of water ecological environment function zoning management system in Liaohe River Basin. Targeted measures shall be taken against chemical oxygen demand, ammonia nitrogen, total phosphorus, heavy metals and other pollutants affecting human health. We will vigorously promote soil and water conservation and ecological restoration of rivers and lakes. Scientific ecological flow management, joint sluice and dam operation, ecological water replenishment and other measures, reasonable arrangement of sluice and dam discharge water and discharge period, maintain the basic ecological water demand of rivers and lakes, focus on ensuring the ecological base flow during dry season. By 2017, the proportion of excellent river water quality (reaching or better than Class III) in the province will reach more than 46.51%, and by 2020, it will reach more than 51.2%. We will take measures such as source control and pollution interception, garbage removal, dredging, and ecological restoration to strengthen the control of black and odorous water bodies. Governments at all levels should investigate and publish a list of black and odorous water bodies in cities every six months to the public and the time limit for treatment, and formulate and implement a "one river, one policy" in-depth treatment plan. In the middle of the "13th Five-Year Plan", there is no large area of floating objects on the river surface, no garbage on the river bank, and no illegal sewage outlet, and the black and odorous water bodies are basically eliminated in Dalian and Shenyang built-up areas. By the end of 2020, black and odorous water bodies in built-up areas of cities at prefecture level and above should be controlled within 10 percent.